What is a Short-Term Personal Loan? Defined And Explained

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What is a short-term loan? It's more than a loan scheduled to be repaid in less than a year. We'll share the history, present, and future of them.

A short-term personal loan is a type of loan that is typically repaid within a year. These loans can be used for a variety of purposes, including emergency expenses, home repairs, or unexpected bills. Short-term personal loans typically have lower interest rates than other types of loans, making them an attractive option for borrowers who need to borrow money for a short period of time.

If you are considering taking out a short-term personal loan, it is important to compare different lenders to find the best interest rate and terms for your needs. You should also make sure that you can afford the monthly payments on the loan, as missed or late payments can result in additional fees and charges.

Types Of Short-Term Loans

There are a few different types of short-term personal loans that you may be eligible for. The most common type of loan is a payday loan, which is typically repaid in full on your next payday. Payday loans can be helpful if you need cash quickly and do not have access to other sources of funding. However, these loans often come with high interest rates and fees, so it is important to understand the terms of the loan before you apply.

Another type of short-term personal loan is a title loan, which uses your vehicle as collateral for the loan. Title loans are typically larger than payday loans and have longer repayment terms, but they also carry a higher risk of having your vehicle repossessed if you default on the loan.

Finally, there are also personal lines of credit, which can be a good option for borrowers who need flexibility in how they repay the loan. Lines of credit typically have lower interest rates than other types of loans, but they also require that you make regular payments to keep the account open.

How To Get A Short-Term Personal Loan

There are a few different ways to get a short-term personal loan. You can apply for a loan through a traditional lender, such as a bank or credit union, or you can apply for a loan through an online lender.

Applying for a loan through a traditional lender can take longer than applying for a loan online, but it can also give you access to lower interest rates and more flexible repayment terms.

If you decide to apply for a loan online, there are a few things to keep in mind. First, make sure that you choose a reputable lender. There are many unscrupulous lenders who prey on borrowers with bad credit, so it is important to do your research before you choose a lender.

Second, make sure that you understand the terms of the loan before you agree to them. Online lenders often have very high interest rates and fees, so it is important to make sure that you can afford the monthly payments before you apply.

Finally, make sure that you have a plan for how you will repay the loan. Online lenders often require that you make automatic payments from your bank account, so it is important to make sure that you have the funds available to make your payments on time.

Taking out a short-term personal loan can be a good way to get the cash you need quickly. However, it is important to compare different lenders to find the best interest rates and terms for your needs. You should also make sure that you can afford the monthly payments on the loan, as missed or late payments can result in additional fees and charges.

The Pros And Cons Of Short-Term Personal Loans

Taking out a short-term personal loan can have both advantages and disadvantages.

One of the main advantages of taking out a short-term loan is that it can help you meet your financial needs in a pinch. If you have unexpected expenses, such as a medical bill or car repairs, a short-term loan can help you pay for these costs without having to put them on a credit card or take out a long-term loan.

Another advantage of short-term loans is that they can help you build your credit. If you make your payments on time, you can use a short-term loan to improve your credit score. This can be helpful if you are trying to get a mortgage or another type of loan in the future.

However, there are also some disadvantages to taking out a short-term loan. One of the biggest disadvantages is that they often come with high interest rates and fees. This can make it difficult to repay the loan, especially if you have other debts that you are trying to pay off.

Another disadvantage of short-term loans is that they can be difficult to qualify for. If you have bad credit, you may not be able to get a short-term loan. And if you do qualify for a loan, you may have to pay a higher interest rate than someone with good credit.

Before you take out a short-term loan, make sure you understand the pros and cons. This will help you decide if a short-term loan is the right choice for your needs.

Short-Term Personal Loan Alternatives

If you need cash quickly and you don’t think a short-term personal loan is the right choice for you, there are other options available.

One option is to use a credit card. If you have a good credit score, you may be able to get a cash advance on your credit card. This can be a quick and easy way to get the cash you need. However, it is important to remember that credit card cash advances often come with high interest rates.

Another option is to ask family or friends for a loan. This can be a good option if you have someone who you trust and who is willing to lend you money. However, it is important to remember that you will have to pay the money back, and you may not be able to get a loan if you don’t have good credit.

Finally, you could also consider a payday loan. Payday loans are short-term loans that you can get by using your next paycheck as collateral. These loans often come with high fees and interest rates, so they should only be used as a last resort.

No matter what option you choose, make sure you understand the terms and conditions before you agree to anything. This will help you avoid any financial problems in the future.

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The History of Short-Term Loans

Money is truly capable of making the world go around. The monetary system evolution can be said that is going toe to toe with that of humankind.

Right from the barter system to paper cash and all the way up to a futuristic currency system like smartphone e-wallets, the whole journey of monetary methods is remarkable.

In the past many historical financial happenings like The Great Depression of 1930 and The Great Recession in the early 2000s, it has been demonstrated economic volatility that spirals out of control.

Since then, the world has witnessed the aftermath of ruptured economics and the lending industry happened to be shapeshifted drastically.

It might be difficult to cover all the lending types in a single article, hence today we aim at flashing some light on short-term loans. We will take a look at its current trend and how the future looks.

It is easy to assume that the concept of short-term loans cropped up recently. However, this assumption is not valid, and let us share why that is.

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  • Hawala System of 5th Century: The concept began as early as the 5th century in the Middle East and North Africa where people lent money based on mutual trust. Although it is not exactly the same as modern-day short-term loans, the need for fast cash and lenders providing it remains similar.
  • Modern banking concept in 18th-century temples: The religious importance of temples made it safe to store precious metals. Records of loans by priests to common people were found in temples of Babylon which possibly could be the beginning of a modern banking concept.
  • Pawnbrokers and short-term loans from 1930 to 1950: By 1920 banking systems were established. Bank loans were nearly impossible to obtain and so the working class relied on pawnbrokers so much that they used to pawn their tools sometimes to get a loan. Pawnbrokers used to provide small amounts for short-term and borrowers were to pay the original amount plus an interest before the set deadline. If borrowers failed to return they used to sell off the pawned item to make up for the money. They remain the last resort for emergency cash even today.
  • Check guarantee cards in 1970: Check cashing stores became popular at this time. Borrowers deposited postdated checks in such stores and availed cash for emergency needs. Checks served as protection for lenders as with them, they used to get back the lent money as soon as they became due and borrowers usually dated these checks to their next payday dates.
  • Short term loans emerged in 1990-2000s: By this time credit became a norm. The public was more habituated to spend and became comfortable with the concept of borrowing. Safe and convenient internet websites made the process faster and discreet. The lending industry was in full bloom, however, some people overused this facility. Around 2007 poor lending standards and high-interest loans left many devastated.

Short-Term Loans in 2022

Short-Term Loan: A short-term loan is a loan scheduled to be repaid in less than a year. When you or your business doesn’t qualify for a line of credit from a bank, you might still have success in obtaining money from then in the form of a one-time, short-term loan (less than a year) to finance your temporary needs or working capital needs.

After the reformed strict laws got implemented in 2012, a few flaws were experienced. By 2014 the short-term loan lenders store were are at a peak. In June 2016 the industry decreased by 55% as, Consumer Financial Protection Bureau proposed a rule, which requires lenders to verify the customer’s financial situation and limit the number of debt rollovers allowed.

Today most of short-term lenders provide online loans using SSL encryption and work on a responsible lending principle. Lenders verify the ability to repay the assessment for loans, provide a realistic repayment schedule and the number of loans lent over the course of a year is now limited.

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Financial help websites provide a simple and user-friendly application process. Then customers are connected with lenders through a safe and secure channel where they can complete their online application. Once they get the approval, the money gets deposited in the borrower’s bank as fast as possible.

Recently, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency gave a go-ahead to National banks and federal savings associations to lend short-term, small-dollar loans. Credit unions, regional banks, small banks can now start providing these loans if their respective regulators give them a green signal.

The Future of Short-Term Loans

Short-term loan lenders are to face competition from banks as top U.S financial regulators are urging them to cater to the small cash borrowers market. However, this means it is good news for customers as they can now expect interest rates to be competitive and affordable enough.

Few responsible lending nonprofit group members are concerned about a broader deregulatory environment that will make banks give high-cost loans as they used to.

It is projected that borrowers could save hundreds of dollars per year with loans at lower interest rates and are more lenient to pay back the requirements. Banks fear steep losses as loans need to be structured to feature regular payments instead of recovering the amount due in full at loan maturity.

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Final Thoughts

A short-term personal loan can be a good option if you need cash quickly and you have good credit. However, it is important to understand the pros and cons of these loans before you agree to anything. You should also compare different lenders to find the best interest rates and terms for your needs. And finally, make sure you can afford the monthly payments before you take out a loan.

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About the author

Jennifer Scott
Jennifer Scott
Jennifer Scott is a freelance finance writer who’s always looking for a way to save money on her path to FIRE.
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